Common Legal Error

Ain-qanoon.com with the help of academician, researcher, lawyer and experts will soon publish dictionary and books to identify common legal errors.

The dictionary shall contain legal terms, its meaning, use in law or statute, application, short description, phrases, procedures, special notes and examples or illustrations with case references.

 

Law Dictionary Links (Online)

 

 

  1. Oxford Law Dictionary

 http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199551248.001.0001/acref-9780199551248?avail=locked&hide=true&pageSize=100&sort=titlesort&source=%2F10.1093%2Facref%2F9780199551248.001.0001%2Facref-9780199551248

 

  1. Black’s Law Dictionary (http://thelawdictionary.org/)

 

  1. http://www.ovidhan.org/e2b/Law (Online Bangla Dictionary)

 

  1. http://www.nolo.com/dictionary (NOLO’s Law Dictionary)

 

  1. https://www.nycourts.gov/lawlibraries/glossary.shtml (Glossary of Legal Terms)

 

  1. http://legaldictionary.net/ (Law Dictionary)

 

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_dictionary (Wikipedia Law dictionary)

 

 Visitors can download following concise law dictionary by Osborne linked as pdf. file to: law-dictionary-p-g-osborne.pdf

 

(Glossary of Legal Terms)

(Source: https://www.nycourts.gov/lawlibraries/glossary.shtml)

A

acknowledgment: the act of going before a qualified officer (e.g., Clerk) and declaring the validity of the document. The officer certifies same, whose certification is known as the acknowledgment

acquit: the act of freeing a person from the charge of an offense by means of a decision, verdict or other legal process; to discharge

action: a civil judicial proceeding whereby one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or prevention of a wrong; requires service of process on adversary party or potentially adversary party

actual place of business: Any location that the defendant, through regular solicitation or advertisement, has held out as its place of business (sec. 308.6 CPLR).

ad damnum: clause of a pleading alleging amount of loss or injury

adjournment: a temporary postponement of the proceedings of a case until a specified future time

adjudicate: to hear or try and determine judicially

adversary: An opponent. The defendant is the plaintiff's adversary.

adversary system: the system of trial practice in the U.S. and some other countries in which each of the opposing, or adversary, parties has full opportunity to present and establish its opposing contentions before the court

affiant: one who swears to an affidavit; deponent

affidavit: a sworn or affirmed statement made in writing and signed; if sworn, it is notarized

affinity: Related by marriage; family relation from one's spouse's family.

affidavit of service: an affidavit intended to certify the service of a writ, notice, or other document

affirm: an act of declaring something to be true under the penalty of perjury by a person who conscientiously declines to take an oath for religious or other pertinent reasons

affirmation: A solemn and formal declaration under penalties of perjury that a statement is true, without an oath.

affirmed: Upheld, agreed with (e.g.,The Appellate Court affirmed the judgment of the City Court).

allegation: the assertion, declaration, or statement of a party to an action, made in a pleading, setting out what the party expects to prove

allege: To assert a fact in a pleading.

alternate juror: a juror selected as substitute in case another juror must leave the jury panel

amend: To change.

amicus curiae: A Friend of the Court. A non-party to a proceeding that the Court permits to present its views.

annul: to make void, as to dissolve the bonds of marriage

answer: a paper submitted by a defendant in which he/she responds to and/or denies the allegations of the plaintiff

appeal: a proceeding to have a case examined by an appropriate higher court to see if a lower court's decision was made correctly according to law

appearance: the participation in the proceedings by a party summoned in an action, either in person or through an attorney

appellant: the party who takes an appeal to a higher court

appellee: the party against whom an appeal is taken

arbitration: the submission voluntarily or involuntarily of a disputed matter to selected persons and the substitution of their award or decision for the judgment of a court or its confirmation by the court as a judgment of the court

argument: a reason given in proof or rebuttal

at issue: whenever the parties to a suit come to a point in the pleadings which is affirmed on one side and denied on the other, they are said to be "at issue"

attachment: The taking of property into legal custody by an enforcement officer (see specialty section: Recovery of Chattel).

attestation: the act of witnessing an instrument in writing at the request of the party making the same, and subscribing it as a witness

attorney of record: attorney whose name appears in the permanent records or files of a case

award: A decision of an Arbitrator.

 

B

bail: the security given (or posted) to ensure the future appearance of a defendant

bar: 1. Prohibit - to bar the prosecution of an action. 2. The members of the legal profession.

bench: The Judge's seat or the judge, himself/herself, (e.g., the attorney addressed the bench)

bifurcated trial: a case in which the trial of the liability issue in a personal injury or wrongful death case is heard separate from and prior to trial of the damages in question

bill of costs: A written statement of the itemized taxable costs and disbursements

bill of particulars: factual detail submitted by a claimant after a request by the adverse party which details, clarifies or explains further the charges and/or facts alleged in a pleading

brief: a written or printed document prepared by the lawyers on each side of a dispute and submitted to the court in support of their arguments - a brief includes the points of law which the lawyer wished to establish, the arguments the lawyer uses, and the legal authorities on which the lawyer rests his/her conclusions.

C

calendar: a schedule of matters to be heard in court

calendar call: the calling of matters requiring parties, or their attorneys, to appear and be heard, usually done at the beginning of each court day

caption: in a pleading, deposition or other paper connected with a case in court, it is the heading or introductory clause which shows the names of the parties, name of the court, number of the case on the docket or calendar, etc.

case file: the court file containing papers submitted in a case

cause of action: grounds on which a legal action may be brought (e.g., property damage, personal injury, goods sold and delivered, work labor and services).

certified copy: Copy of a document signed and certified as a true copy of an original by the Clerk of the Court or other authorized persons (e.g., lawyer).

certificate of readiness: a document attesting that the parties in a lawsuit are ready to go to trial

certify: to testify in writing

certiorari: a proceeding in the state Supreme Court under Art. 78 of the CPLR to review the decisions or actions of a public official or body, as in a tax certiorari matter, a review of the tax assessed challenge an exception taken to a juror before he/she is sworn challenge for a challenge based on a legally specified reason

change of venue: the removal of a suit begun in one county or district to another county or district for trial, though the term may also apply to the removal of a suit from one court to another court of the same county or district

charge to jury: in trial practice, an address delivered by the court to the jury at the close of the case instructing the jury as to what principles of law they are to apply in reaching a decision

chattel: article of personal property

citation: 1) summons to appear; 2) reference to authorities in support of an argument

clerk's extract: a summary of a trial which is written by a clerk

clerk's minutes: notes, which are taken by a clerk, of events that occurred in court

commissioner of jurors: a person in charge of summoning citizens for jury duty

commitment: an order to commit a person to the custody of a sheriff, commissioner of corrections, or mental health facility

common law: the body of law which originated in England and upon which present day U.S. law is based

compensatory damages: reimbursement for actual loss or injury, as distinguished from exemplary or punitive damages

complaint: the initial pleading in an action formally setting forth the facts and reasons on which the demand for relief is based

condemnation: see eminent domain

consanguinity: Related by blood.

conservator: one who is appointed by a court to manage the affairs of a protected person

consolidated action: two or more actions involving a common question of law or fact may be consolidated by the court; the actions then are merged, becoming one action with one title, and they result in one verdict and one judgment

contempt of court: an act or omission tending to obstruct or interfere with the orderly administration of justice or to impair the dignity of the court or respect for its authority

consolidate: A joining of two or more actions to be tried together.

contested action: an action which involves disputed issue(s) of fact or law

contract: a legally enforceable agreement between two or more persons or parties (oral or written)

corroborate: to strengthen; to add weight by additional evidence

costs: The statutory sum awarded to the successful party when a judgment is entered. (Section 1901 all Court Acts.)

counsel: Lawyer or attorney.

counterclaim: 1. In civil actions, a claim brought by a defendant against the plaintiff for an unlimited amount of money. 2. In small claims/commercial claims, a claim brought by a defendant against the plaintiff for an amount not to exceed the maximum monetary jurisdiction allowed in the small claims/commercial claims court.

court of limited jurisdiction: A City Court, District Court or other court that has jurisdiction only over actions authorized by law.

court reporter: a person who transcribes by shorthand or stenographically takes down testimony during court proceedings

crossclaim: claim litigated by co-defendants or co-plaintiffs against each other and not against a party on the opposite side of the litigation

cross- examination: questioning by a party or his attorney of an adverse party or a witness called by an adverse party

D

damages: Monetary compensation or indemnity for wrong or injury caused by the violation of a legal right. 1. Compensatory damages - Reimbursement for actual loss or injury. 2. Exemplary damages - Monetary award by way of punishment for injury caused by aggravated circumstances or malice, in addition to compensation for the injury. 3. Punitive damages - Monetary compensation awarded in excess of ordinary damages, as punishment for a gross wrong.

date-stamp: the stamping on a document of the date it is received

decision: the determination reached by a court in any judicial proceeding, which is the basis of the judgment

declaratory judgment: one fixing rights of parties without ordering anything to be done

decree: a decision or order of the court - a final decree is one which fully and finally disposes of the litigation; an interlocutory decree is a provisional or preliminary decree which is not final

default: a "default" in an action of law occurs when a defendant omits to plead or otherwise defend within the time allowed, or fails to appear at the trial

defendant: the party being sued or the party accused of committing the offense charged

deliberation: the process by which a panel of jurors comes to a decision on a verdict

de novo: From the beginning, a new trial.

deponent: One who testifies under oath to the truth of facts.

deposition: sworn testimony of a witness

direct examination: the first interrogation of a witness by the party on whose behalf the witness is called

directed verdict: an instruction by the judge to the jury to return a specific verdict

discovery (or disclosure): a proceeding whereby one party to an action may be informed as to facts known by other parties or witnesses

dismissal: termination of a proceeding for a procedurally prescribed reason

dismissal with prejudice: Action dismissed on the merits which prevents renewal of the same claim or cause of action.

dismissal without prejudice: Action dismissed, not on the merits, which may be re-instituted.

dispose: the act of terminating a judicial proceeding

disposition: the result of a judicial proceeding by withdrawal, settlement, order, judgment or sentence

dissolution of marriage: the effect of a judgment of dissolution of marriage is to restore the parties to the state of unmarried persons

docket: a document which summarizes a case

domicile: that place where a person has a true and permanent home - a person may have several residences, but only one domicile

E

easement: right held by one person to use the land of another for a special purpose

eminent domain: the power to take private property for public use by condemnation, i.e., the legal process by which real estate of a private owner is taken for public use without the owner's consent, but upon the award and payment of just compensation

enjoin: to require a person, by writ of injunction from a court of equity, to perform or to abstain or desist from some act

equitable action (equity matter): an action which may be brought for the purpose of restraining the threatened infliction of wrongs or injuries, and the prevention of threatened illegal action; case in which payment of money damages will not be adequate compensation

equitable distribution: the power to distribute equitably upon divorce all property legally and beneficially acquired during marriage by husband and wife or either of them, whether legal title lies in their joint or individual names

estop: to stop, bar, or impede

estoppel: a rule of law which prevents a person from alleging or denying a fact, because of his/her own previous act

et al: an abbreviation of et alia meaning "and others"

et ano: And another.

evidence: a form of proof or probative matter legally presented at the trial of an issue by the acts of the parties and through witnesses, records, documents, concrete objects, etc., for the purpose of inducing belief in the minds of the court or the jury

eviction, warrant of: Legal mandate authorizing an enforcement officer to remove persons and their personal property from their premises.

examination before trial (EBT): a formal interrogation of parties and witnesses before trial

execution: (1) the performance of all acts necessary to render a written instrument complete, such as signing, sealing, acknowledging, and delivering the instruments (2) supplementary proceedings to enforce a judgment, which, if monetary, involves a direction to the sheriff to take the necessary steps to collect the judgment

exemplification: An official transcript of a document from public records, made in a form to be used as evidence and authenticated or certified as a true copy, (e.g. exemplification of a judgment).

exhibit: a paper, document or other article produced and exhibited to a court during a trial or hearing and, on being accepted, is marked for identification or admitted in evidence

ex parte: a proceeding, order, motion, application, request, submission etc., made by or granted for the benefit of one party only; done for, in behalf of, or on application of one party only

expunge: the authorized act of physically destroying information, in files, computers or other depositories

F

fair preponderance: Level of proof in a civil action; more than half; more convincing.

fee: a fixed charge for service rendered on behalf of court

fiduciary: a person or institution who manages money or property for another, and who must exercise a standard of care in such management activity imposed by law or contract

finding: the court's or jury's decision on issues of fact

fine: a sum imposed as punishment for an offense

first paper: Paper instituting the action (e.g., Summons, Motion, Infants's Compromise).

foreclosure: a legal proceeding that bars or extinguishes right

foreperson: a member of a jury, usually the first juror called and sworn, or a juror elected by fellow jurors, who delivers the verdict to the court

forum: A judicial tribunal or a place of jurisdiction. A meeting for discussion.

full faith and credit: A requirement of the U.S. Constitution that the records and judicial proceedings of one state shall have the same effect in courts of other states with the same jurisdiction.

G

garnish: to attach a portion of the wages or other property of a debtor to secure repayment of the debt

garnishee: A person who owes a debt to a judgment debtor, or a person other than the judgment debtor who has property in his/her possession or custody in which a judgment debtor has an interest

guardian ad litem: person appointed by a court to represent a minor or incompetent for purpose of some litigation

H

habeas corpus: "You have the body." - the name given a variety of writs whose object is to bring a person before a court or judge - in most common usage, it is directed to the official or person detaining another, commanding him/her to produce the body of a person detained so the court may determine if such person has been denied his/her liberty without due process of law

hearing: a preliminary examination where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision on the basis of that evidence

hearsay: a type of testimony given by a witness who relates not what he/she knows personally, but what others have told the witness, or what the witness has heard said by others; may be admissible or inadmissible in court depending upon rules of evidence

hung jury: a jury whose members cannot reconcile their differences of opinion and thus cannot reach a verdict

I

impaneling: the process by which jurors are selected and sworn to their task

impleader: An addition of a third party to an action by the defendant.

in camera: in the judge's chamber out of the presence of the jury and the public

incompetency: lack of legal qualification or fitness (physical, intellectual or moral fitness) to discharge a legally required duty or to handle one's own affairs; also relates to matters not admissible in evidence

indemnity: Security against loss or damages, exemption from penalty or liability, amount paid as compensation under an indemnity agreement.

index number: a number issued by the county clerk, which is used to identify a case - in civil matters there is usually a charge

individual assignment system (IAS): a system, established for all civil actions and proceedings heard in Supreme and County Court, which provides for the continuous supervision of each action and proceeding by a single judge (NYS)

indorsed complaint: A statement of the nature and substance of the cause of action, for money only, which indicates the amount of the claim. It may be set forth upon the summons or attached to it. INFANT An individual who has not attained the age of eighteen (18).

infant's compromise: a civil proceeding or motion for obtaining court approval of the settlement of an infant's claim

injunction: a court order for a party to stop doing or to start doing a specific act

inquest: a proceeding which usually is a limited non-jury trial for the purpose of fixing the amount of damages where the plaintiff or defendant alone introduces testimony.

in re: In the matter of; concerning.

in rem: Regarding the right or title to property.

inter alia: Among other things.

interlocutory: provisional; temporary; not final - refers to orders and decrees of a court

interpleader: action by which one having possession of an article or fund claimed by two parties may compel them to litigate the title between themselves, instead of with him/her

interpreter: a person sworn at a judicial proceeding to translate oral or written language

interrogatories: written questions propounded by one party and served on an adversary, who must provide written answers thereto under oath

intestate: a person who dies without a will

J

joint trial: two or more actions involving a common question of law or fact may be joined by court order for trial - the actions are not merged but remain separate and distinct and may result in one or more verdicts and judgments

judgment: A determination of the rights of the parties in an action or special proceeding. A judgment shall refer to and state the result of a verdict or decision, or recite the circumstances on which it is based

judgment roll: a record of the judgment with the supporting papers

judicial hearing officer (JHO): a person who has served as a judge or justice of a court of record of the Unified Court System, and who no longer is serving in such capacity, except a person who was removed from a judicial position pursuant to Section 22 of Article VI of the Constitution

jurisdiction: the geographical, subject matter, and monetary limitations of a court
Personal jurisdiction- Directed to a specific person to impose a personal liability on him (usually the defendant).
Subject matter jurisdiction- Topic of consideration, thing in dispute, right claimed by one party against another

jury: a prescribed number of persons selected according to law and sworn to make findings of fact

jury (advisory): a body of jurors impaneled to hear a case in which the parties have no right to a jury trial - the judge remains solely responsible for the findings and may accept or reject the jury's verdict

jury instructions: directions given by the judge to the jury

L

laches: the failure to diligently assert a right, which results in a refusal to allow relief

legal age: Eighteen (18) years of age. See CPLR Section 1206.

legal aid: system by which legal services are rendered to those in financial need who cannot afford private counsel

liability: an obligation to do, to eventually do, or to refrain from doing something; money owed; or according to law one's responsibility for his/her conduct; or one's responsibility for causing an injury

liber: a book used for keeping a record of specific documents or events having legal effect

lien: a claim upon the property of another as security for some debt

litigant: Party to a legal action

long form order: an order prepared by counsel for signature of the court (usually based on a memorandum decision)

M

maintenance: the furnishing by one person to another the means of living, or food, clothing, shelter, etc., particularly where the legal relations of the parties is such that one is bound to support the other, as between parent and child or between spouses

material witness: person whose testimony on some issue has been judicially determined as relevant and substantial

memorandum decision: a written opinion or decision of a court on a litigated question, giving the court's conclusion on factual and legal issues (this may constitute the order of the court if so stated)

memorandum opinion: memorandum in writing, which is a very brief statement of the reasons for a decision, without detailed explanation

military calendar: To hold in suspense an action that cannot reasonably be tried because a party or witness is in the military service.

minute book: A Court Clerk's Journal of Courtroom proceedings.

minutes: a record of court proceedings kept by noting significant events

mistrial: a trial which has been terminated and declared void prior to the reaching of verdict due to extraordinary circumstance, serious prejudicial misconduct or hung jury - it does not result in a judgment for any party but merely indicates a failure of trial

moot: (adj.) unsettled, undecided, not necessary to be decided

motion: an oral or written request to the court made by a party for a ruling or order

movant: the party who initiates the motion

M

maintenance: the furnishing by one person to another the means of living, or food, clothing, shelter, etc., particularly where the legal relations of the parties is such that one is bound to support the other, as between parent and child or between spouses

material witness: person whose testimony on some issue has been judicially determined as relevant and substantial

memorandum decision: a written opinion or decision of a court on a litigated question, giving the court's conclusion on factual and legal issues (this may constitute the order of the court if so stated)

memorandum opinion: memorandum in writing, which is a very brief statement of the reasons for a decision, without detailed explanation

military calendar: To hold in suspense an action that cannot reasonably be tried because a party or witness is in the military service.

minute book: A Court Clerk's Journal of Courtroom proceedings.

minutes: a record of court proceedings kept by noting significant events

mistrial: a trial which has been terminated and declared void prior to the reaching of verdict due to extraordinary circumstance, serious prejudicial misconduct or hung jury - it does not result in a judgment for any party but merely indicates a failure of trial

moot: (adj.) unsettled, undecided, not necessary to be decided

motion: an oral or written request to the court made by a party for a ruling or order

movant: the party who initiates the motion

N

natural person: Individual (does not include corporate entities)

negligence: conduct which falls below the standard established by law for the protection of others against unreasonable risk of harm

non seq. (Non sequitur): It does not follow

note of issue: a document filed with the court placing a cause on the trial calendar

notice of entry: A notice with an affidavit of service stating that the attached copy of an entered order or judgment has been served by a party on another party.

notice of petition: Written notice of a petitioner that a hearing will be held in a court to determine the relief requested in an annexed petition.

nunc pro tunc: (now for then) presently considered as if occurring at an earlier date; effective retroactively

O

oath: a swearing to the truth of a statement which, if made by one who knows it to be false, may subject one to a prosecution for perjury or other legal proceedings

opening statement: the first address of counsel prior to offering of evidence

oral proof: evidence given by word of mouth; the oral testimony of a witness

order: an oral or written direction of a court or judge

N

natural person: Individual (does not include corporate entities)

negligence: conduct which falls below the standard established by law for the protection of others against unreasonable risk of harm

non seq. (Non sequitur): It does not follow

note of issue: a document filed with the court placing a cause on the trial calendar

notice of entry: A notice with an affidavit of service stating that the attached copy of an entered order or judgment has been served by a party on another party.

notice of petition: Written notice of a petitioner that a hearing will be held in a court to determine the relief requested in an annexed petition.

nunc pro tunc: (now for then) presently considered as if occurring at an earlier date; effective retroactively

O

oath: a swearing to the truth of a statement which, if made by one who knows it to be false, may subject one to a prosecution for perjury or other legal proceedings

opening statement: the first address of counsel prior to offering of evidence

oral proof: evidence given by word of mouth; the oral testimony of a witness

order: an oral or written direction of a court or judge

P

palimony: term has meaning similar to `alimony' except that award, settlement or agreement arises out of non-marital relationship of parties (i.e., non-marital partners)

parcel: a tract or a plot of land

part: a court room where specified business of a court is to be conducted by a judicial officer

party: Person having a direct interest in a legal matter, transaction or proceeding.

peremptory challenge: the challenge which may be used to reject a certain number of prospective jurors without assigning any reason

perjury: the act of lying or stating falsely under oath

petition: a formal written request to a court, which initiates a special proceeding

petitioner: In a special proceeding, one who commences a formal written application, requesting some action or relief, addressed to a court for determination. Also known as a plaintiff in a civil action

petit jury: the ordinary jury for the trial of a civil case (so called to distinguish it from the grand jury)

plaintiff: the party bringing a civil action

pleadings: complaint or petition, answer, and reply

polling the jury: a practice whereby the jurors are asked individually whether they assented, and still assent, to the verdict

power of attorney: instrument authorizing one to act legally for another either generally or in a specified matter

precedent: previously adjudged action or decision on same or similar point, serving as a rule or example for present guidance

proceeding: the succession of events constituting the process by which judicial action is invoked and utilized pursuant to procedure

preclude: To prevent or stop

process: a legal means, such as a summons, used to subject a defendant in a lawsuit to the jurisdiction of the court; broadly, refers to all writs issued in the course of a legal proceeding

pro se: for oneself; in one's own behalf; in person; a pro se party is one who, without representation, acts as his/her own attorney

purge: To atone for an offense, to submit to a court's mandate (i.e., to purge oneself of contempt of court)

R

recuse: To disqualify oneself as a judge

redact: to edit, revise

referee: a person to whom a cause pending in a court is referred by the court to take testimony, hear the parties, and report thereon to the court, or to make a judicial determination - the referee is an officer exercising judicial powers and is an arm of the court for a specific purpose

relief: Legal remedy

remand: to send a case back from an appellate court to the lower court from which it came, for further proceedings

remittitur: legal process by which an appellate court transmits to the court below the proceedings before it, together with its decision, for such further action and entry of judgment as is required by the decision of the appellate court

replevin: an action brought for the owner of items to recover possession of those items when those items were wrongfully taken or are being wrongfully kept

reply: a plaintiff's response to a defendant's answer when the answer contains a counterclaim

res: Subject matter

res judicata: a thing judicially acted upon or decided

respondent: One who formally answers the allegations stated in a petition which has been filed with the court. Also known as a defendant in a civil action

restore/ reinstate to calendar: to reinstate the action to active inventory

S

sanction: a penalty or punishment provided as a means of enforcing obedience to a law, rule or code; also, an authorization

satisfaction: Discharge of a legal obligation, as in a "Satisfaction of Judgment."

seal: to close a case file from public scrutiny - in instances of youthful offenders and acquittal, sealing orders are issued by the court to prevent the public from obtaining information on the cases

security for costs: An undertaking required by a court to cover the payment of costs if the judgment is against the depositor.

separation: in matrimonial law, a cessation of cohabitation of husband and wife by mutual agreement, or in the case of "judicial separation," under the decree of a court

sequester: to separate, set apart, hold aside for safekeeping or awaiting some determination; jurors are sequestered when not permitted to return home until the case is closed

service: the exhibition or delivery of a writ, notice, etc., officially notifying a person of some action or proceeding in which that person is concerned

short form order: an order prepared by the court

show cause: an order, decree, execution, etc., to appear as directed, and present to the court such reasons and considerations as one has to offer why it should not be confirmed, take effect, be executed, or as the case may be

sine die: Without a date, as in an action being adjourned sine die. Legal process which commands a witness to appear and testify.

small claims assessment review (SCAR): filing by any person aggrieved by an assessment of a one, two or three family, owner occupied residential structure used for residential purposes (including condominiums) (NYS)

special master: a special master is an attorney appointed on an ad hoc basis to assist the court in hearing motions (NYS)

special proceedings: general term for remedies or proceedings which are not ordinary actions, e.g., condemnation

special referee (or referee): the special referee has the authority to exercise judicial functions when assigned duties by the court to determine the following (1) to determine an issue (binding) (2) to perform an act (disclosure) (3) to hear and report - matrimonial actions may be included (NYS)

special term: a court part set aside to hear specific types of cases

special verdict: a special finding of the facts of a case by a jury leaving to the court the application of the law to the facts thus found

statute of limitations: a statute that declares that no actions of a specified kind be commenced after a specified period of time after the cause of action arose

stay: a stopping or suspension of procedure or execution by judicial or executive order

stipulation: an agreement by attorneys on opposite sides of a case as to any matter pertaining to the proceedings or trial - most stipulations must be in writing

stpulation of settlement: A formal agreement between litigants and/or their attorneys resolving their dispute.

sua sponte: upon its own motion, initiation or will; without a prior request

subpoena: Legal process which commands a witness to appear and testify.

subpoena duces tecum: a subpoena requiring a person to produce specified documents or records in a trial

subpoena (judicial): an order issued by the court to a person to attend court and give testimony

subpoena duces tecum (judicial): an order issued by the court requiring a person to produce specified documents or records in a trial

subsequent proceedings: Any proceeding or action taken with respect to a specific case after it has been filed with the court.

suit: A legal action or proceeding.

sum certain: Liquidated damages pursuant to contract, promissory note, law, etc.

summary judgment: a determination in an action on the grounds that there is no genuine issue of fact

summons: A form used to commence a civil action and acquire jurisdiction over a party

supplementary proceedings: further inquiry, under court jurisdiction, after entry of judgment, to determine means for enforcing the judgment against judgment debtor

surety: One who is legally liable for the debt, default, or failure to carry out a duty of another.

T

third-party action: A claim asserted by a defendant, styled a third-party plaintiff, against a person, styled a third-party defendant.

trial assignment part (TAP): that part of the court which assigns cases for trial (NYS)

testimony: an oral declaration made by a witness or party under oath

tort: an injury or wrong committed, either with or without force, and either intentionally or negligently, to the person or property of another

transcript: the official record of proceedings in a trial or hearing

transfer: the removal of a cause from the jurisdiction of one court or judge to another by lawful authority

trial: the formal examination of a legal controversy in court so as to determine the issue

trial de novo: A new trial (see: 22NYCRR 28.12).

U

undertaking: Deposit of a sum of money or filing of a bond in court.

V

vacate: to set aside a previous action

venire: technically, a writ summoning persons to court to act as jurors; popularly used as meaning the body of names thus summoned

venue:1. Geographical place where some legal matter occurs or may be determined. 2. The geographical area within which a court has jurisdiction. It relates only to a place or territory within which either party may require a case to be tried. A defect in venue may be waived by the parties.

verdict: the determination of a jury on the facts

verification: confirmation of the correctness, truth or authenticity of pleading, account or other paper by an affidavit or oath

voir dire: a questioning of prospective jurors by the attorneys, and, on application of any party, by the judge, to see if any of them should be disqualified or removed by challenge or examination

W

waiver: an intentional and voluntary relinquishment of some known right

warrant: a written order directing the arrest of a person issued by an authority - warrants are "issued," "executed" or "canceled"

with prejudice: the term, as applied to judgment of dismissal, is as conclusive of rights of parties as if action had been prosecuted to final adjudication adverse to the plaintiff

without prejudice: a dismissal "without prejudice" allows a new suit to be brought on the same cause of action

witness: one who testifies to what he/she has seen, heard, or otherwise observed

writ: an order issuing from a court of justice and requiring the performance of a specified act, or giving authority and commission to have it done

Sources:

 

Black, Henry Campbell - Black's Law Dictionary. West Publishing Co., 1979.

Coughlin, George Gordon - Law for the Layman. Harper & Row, New York 1975.

Court Career Courses, 1980.

Gifis, Steven H. - Law Dictionary. Barron's Educational Series, Inc.,New York, 1975.

Shapiro, Irving - The New Dictionary of Legal Terms. Looseleaf Law Publication, Inc., 1984.

Glossary of Legal Terminology - Law and the Courts.

American Bar Association.

Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary. G. & C. Merriam Company. Springfield, Massachusetts, 1971.


Visitors can download following concise law dictionary by Osborne linked as pdf. file to
: law-dictionary-p-g-osborne.pdf


(Compiled by: Ahamuduz zaman, Founder: ain-qanoon.com)

Law Guru

Founder: Ahamuduz Zaman (academician, researcher, author, columnist, lawyer, mentor, human rights activists).

Permanent Address

Vill: Aminnagar (Krishnabati);
P/O: Chanchra, P/S: Kotwali,
District: Jessore, Bangladesh.
Phone: 01552-455241, 01717763964;
E-mail: azamanseu@gmail.com;
info@ ain-qanoon.com;
Web: www.ain-qanoon.com

Present Address

House- 2A, Road-19A,
Sector-11, Uttara,
Dhaka-1230, Bangladesh;
Phone: 01552-455241, 01717763964;
E-mail: azamanseu@gmail.com;
info@ain-qanoon.com;
Web: www.ain-qanoon.com

instagram takipçi instagram takipçi free followers for instagram instagram takipçi satın al instagram free followers free instagram followers instagram takipçi kasma instagram beğeni hilesi cheat follower for instagram instagram giriş instagram free follower twitter begeni twitter takipci smm panel sosyal medya paneli instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi instagram free followers instagram takipçi instagram takipçi satın al free followers for instagram cheat follower for instagram free instagram followers instagram takipçi kasma instagram beğeni hilesi instagram giriş instagram free follower instagram takipçi hilesi twitter begeni twitter takipci smm panel sosyal medya paneli instagram takipçi hilesi Sivas Escort Yozgat Escort Malatya escort Escort Beylikdüzü Escort bayan Escort Antalya Kıbrıs Escort Bayan Samsun Escort Samsun Escort Kayseri Escort Kayseri Escort Gaziantep Escort Bayan Gaziantep Escort Gaziantep Escort Eskisehir Escort Eskisehir Escort Bursa Escort Bursa Escort Bayan Beylikdüzü Escort Beylikdüzü Escort Beylikdüzü Escort Antalya Escort Alanya Escort Alanya Escort Adana Escort Alanya Escort Bayan Konya Escort Bayan Bodrum Escort Bayan Kuşadası Escort Escort Antakya Escort Antep Malatya Escort Bayan Artvin Escort Van Escort Uşak Escort Tekirdağ Escort Sivas Escort Şanlıurfa Escort Manisa Escort Giresun Escort Erzincan Escort Yalova Escort Bayan urfa escort Showbahis Onbahis Jasminbet princessbet tulipbet wonodds Adiosbet Sex hikayeleri Betebet giriş adresi balıkesir escort burdur escort bolu escort bodrum escort beylikdüzü escort antalya escort denizli escort antep escort adana escort afyon escort artvin escort alanya escort ağrı escort aydin escort Afyon Escort Bayan Escort sinop Diyarbakır Escort Bayan samsun escort kastamonu escort van escort sinop escort giresun escort manisa escort erzincan escort kars escort diyarbakır escort didim escort maraş escort edirne escort kütahya escort mardin escort sivas escort kuşadası escort tekirdağ escort hatay escort kıbrıs escort yalova escort marmaris escort konya escort tokat escort mersin escort gümüşhane escort düzce escort muğla escort yozgat escort kocaeli escort trabzon escort nevşehir escort Yozgat Escort Didim Escort Bolu Escort Rize Escort eskişehir escort kayseri escort Adana Escort Erzurum Escort Afyon Escort Edirne Escort Erzincan Escort Niğde Escort Ordu Escort Trabzon Escort niğde escort uşak escort Mersin Escort Rize Escort erzurum escort malatya escort ordu escort ısparta escort Escort diyarbakır Kastamonu Escort Bayan Escort manisa Nevşehir Escort Bayan Sinop Escort Bayan sakarya escort kıbrıs escort Sakarya Escort Hatay Escort Elazığ Escort çanakkale escort çeşme escort çorum escort ısparta escort elazığ escort Yalova Escort bolu escort Çanakkale Escort Sakarya Escort Şanlıurfa Escort Tekirdağ Escort çorum escort konya escort maraş escort Burdur Escort Çanakkale Escort Mardin Escort Bolu Escort Marmaris Escort Elazığ Escort Erzurum Escort ısparta escort Mardin Escort Van Escort Bursa escort zonguldak escort erzincan escort erzincan escort zonguldak escort niğde escort niğde escort mardin escort mardin escort manisa escort ısparta escort ısparta escort giresun escort giresun escort zonguldak escort van escort erzurum escort sivas escort bursa escort bursa escort yozgat escort yozgat escort yalova escort yalova escort van escort urfa escort trabzon escort erzurum escort trabzon escort erzincan escort urfa escort tekirdağ escort malatya escort sakarya escort tekirdağ escort erzincan escort sivas escort sakarya escort bursa escort rize escort rize escort ordu escort malatya escort kütahya escort manisa escort kütahya escort kastamonu escort rize escort Gümüşhane escort Niğde Escort Kütahya Escort Zonguldak Escort Ordu Escort Çeşme Escort Nevşehir Escort Edirne Escort Kütahya Escort Artvin Escort ordu escort kastamonu escort Giresun Escort Trabzon Escort Kastamonu Escort bodrum escort bodrum escort Antalya escort samsun escort gaziantep escort adana escort afyon escort agri escort alanya escort artvin escort aydin escort antalya escort konya escort mersin escort burdur escort çanakkale escort çeşme escort çorum escort denizli escort didim escort didim escort düzce escort düzce escort edirne escort adana escort agri escort artvin escort aydin escort balıkesir escort afyon escort balıkesir escort bodrum escort denizli escort bolu escort burdur escort çeşme escort diyarbakır escort eskişehir escort hatay escort kayseri escort konya escort kuşadası escort maraş escort mersin escort gümüşhane escort kars escort kıbrıs escort kıbrıs escort kocaeli escort kocaeli escort marmaris escort muğla escort muğla escort tokat escort tokat escort uşak escort Pinbahis Sekabet Vdcasino Supertotobet ilbet Perabet Restbet Celtabet Trbet Tipobet Milanobet Piabet Asyabahis Mariobet Betvole Betticket Betist Betgram Betmatik Goldenbahis Makrobet Savoybetting Bets10 Mobilbahis Arzbet Betlike Betpark Venusbet Bahsegel Dinamobet Dumanbet Gobahis Kolaybet Liderbahis Megabahis Neyine Privebet Pashabahis 1xbet 1xbit anadolucasino artemisbet bahisarena baymavi belugabahis betboo betcup betexper betnano betpapel betper casinometropol elexbet ensobet fenomenbet forvetbet gorabet grandbetting hilbet holiganbet imajbet interbahis jestbahis jestbet jojobet kingbetting lidyabet matrixbet modabet ngsbahis pashagaming polobet pulibet superbahis superbetin tempobet truvabet vevobahis wsbets yorkbet youwin Akcebet Bahsine Betbaba Betmoon Betonbet Betsidney CasinoMaxi Cepbahis Efsanebahis Egobet Gencobahis Grbets Hermesbet Limanbet Lunabit Mavibet Mottobet Nakitbahis Queenbet Romabet Seabahis Winxbet Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Sex hikayeleri Vegabet giriş Jokerbet giriş Betpas Giriş antalyarentacar favorisen giriş onwin giriş altincasino giriş casinokral giriş casino360 giriş aresbet giriş betmarino giriş betflix giriş limakbahis giriş jetbahis giriş akbet giriş milosbet giriş kareasbet giriş mrcasino giriş casinoslot giriş betkanyon giriş betorder giriş wolbet giriş bahisnow giriş bets4you giriş melbet giriş discountcasino giriş megapari giriş bahistir giriş betwego giriş hemenbahis giriş hiperbet giriş noxwin giriş sinyorbet giriş instagram takipçi kasma instagram takipçi hilesi instagram beğeni hilesi instagram takipçi instagram giriş instagram takipçi satın al instagram free followers instagram free follower cheat follower for instagram free instagram followers free followers for instagram twitter begeni twitter takipci smm panel sosyal medya paneli instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi istanbul escort Kartal Escort Şerifali Escort pendik escort Tuzla Escort Bostancı Escort Ataşehir Escort Kurtköy Escort Kurtköy Escort Bostancı Escort Bostancı Escort Pendik Escort Kartal Escort Kadikoy Escort Kurtköy escort Pendik Escort Umraniye escort Atasehir Escort Kurtkoy Escort Kadıköy Escort Şerifali Escort Ümraniye escort Kadıköy Escort Kadıköy Escort Maltepe Escort Anadolu Yakası Escort Kadıköy Escort Kurtkoy escort Gebze Escort Kadıköy Escort Avcılar Escort bursa escort hosgeldin bonusu deneme bonusu bedava bonus mersin escort sex hattı erzurum escort kadıköy escort balıkesir escort samsun escort diyarbakır escort yalova escort muğla escort hatay escort konya escort kıbrıs escort aydın escort nevşehir escort malatya escort uşak escort burdur escort mersin escort eskişehir escort çanakkale escort tekirdağ escort ordu escort maraş escort trabzon escort mardin escort kütahya escort tokat escort zonguldak escort adana escort beylikdüzü escort rize escort esenyurt escort bakırköy escort giresun escort yozgat escort niğde escort bolu escort elazığ escort sivas escort düzce escort şişli escort mecidiyeköy escort pendik escort buca escort başakşehir escort avcılar escort afyon escort ısparta escort konak escort kıbrıs escort gaziemir escort kilis escort alanya escort karşıyaka escort manisa escort halkalı escort kayseri escort kastamonu escort sakarya escort ağrı escort urfa escort van escort kıbrıs escort denizli escort çorum escort antep escort edirne escort kocaeli escort manisa escort kırşehir escort antalya escort artvin escort bilecik escort bursa escort karaman escort karabük escort tekirdağ escort izmit escort sinop escort kırıkkale escort kırklareli escort çankırı escort kuşadası escort sohbet sohbet bodrum escort yalova escort kocaeli escort adana escort bartın escort yalova escort sakarya escort maraş escort van escort muş escort siirt escort erzurum escort erzincan escort afyon escort nevşehir escort ısparta escort batman escort edirne escort amasya escort çanakkale escort balıkesir escort uşak escort düzce escort muğla escort hatay escort bodrum escort urfa escort mardin escort diyarbakır escort aksaray escort osmaniye escort kilis escort adıyaman escort mersin escort kayseri escort aydın escort malatya escort zonguldak escort kastamonu escort kütahya escort adana escort adıyaman escort afyon escort aksaray escort ağrı escort amasya escort ankara escort antalya escort antep escort ardahan escort artvin escort aydın escort balıkesir escort bartın escort batman escort bayburt escort bilecik escort bingöl escort bitlis escort bolu escort burdur escort bursa escort çanakkale escort çankırı escort çorum escort denizli escort diyarbakır escort düzce escort edirne escort elazığ escort erzincan escort erzurum escort eskişehir escort giresun escort gümüşhane escort hakkari escort hatay escort ığdır escort ısparta escort istanbul escort izmir escort karabük escort karaman escort kars escort kastamonu escort kayseri escort kayseri escort kilis escort kırıkkale escort kırklareli escort kırşehir escort kocaeli escort konya escort kütahya escort malatya escort manisa escort maraş escort mardin escort zonguldak escort yozgat escort yalova escort van escort uşak escort urfa escort tunceli escort trabzon escort mersin escort muğla escort muş escort nevşehir escort niğde escort ordu escort osmaniye escort rize escort sakarya escort samsun escort siirt escort sinop escort şırnak escort sivas escort tekirdağ escort tokat escort bursa escort konya escort samsun escort eskişehir escort denizli escort bolu escort sivas escort trabzon escort escortbayanlar.org muğla escort konya escort adana escort afyon escort zonguldak escort samsun escort sakarya escort kayseri escort hatay escort mersin escort gebze escort malatya escort konya escort bursa escort kocaeli escort eskişehir escort diyarbakır escort antalya escort aydın escort aksaray escort edirne escort manisa escort urfa escort van escort tekirdağ escort niğde escort ordu escort osmaniye escort siirt escort sincan escort yozgat escort yalova escort tokat escort uşak escort mardin escort adıyaman escort balıkesir escort burdur escort bitlis escort maraş escort batman escort kütahya escort kilis escort kastamonu escort karabük escort ısparta escort giresun escort erzurum escort afyon escort alanya escort amasya escort ayvalık escort balıkesir escort bilecik escort çankırı escort çeşme escort didim escort düzce escort fethiye escort gebze escort ısparta escort karabük escort karaman escort kırıkkale escort kırklareli escort kırşehir escort konyaaltı escort kuşadası escort lefkoşa escort manavgat escort marmaris escort muğla escort ordu escort rize escort şile escort tekirdağ escort yalova escort zonguldak escort adana escort antalya escort antep escort aydın escort çanakkale escort bursa escort diyarbakır escort elazığ escort eskişehir escort gümüşhane escort hatay escort ısparta escort kars escort kayseri escort kırklareli escort kocaeli escort konya escort malatya escort izmit escort manisa escort maraş escort mardin escort mersin escort muğla escort sakarya escort samsun escort şırnak escort tokat escort tunceli escort urfa escort zonguldak escort denizli escort kuşadası escort ankara escort bayan escort ankara ankara eskort ankara escort ankara escort ankara eskort ankara escort bayan ankara eskort ankara eskort escort ankara escort bayan abidinpaşa escort altındağ escort ankara escort ayaş escort ayrancı escort bahçelievler escort bala escort balgat escort beypazarı escort çamlıdere escort çankaya escort cebeci escort çubuk escort çukurambar escort demetevler escort dikmen escort elmadağ escort emek escort esat escort etimesgut escort etlik escort gaziosmanpaşa escort gölbaşı escort haymana escort keçiören escort kızılay escort kızılcahamam escort eryaman escort mamak escort nallıhan escort polatlı escort pursaklar escort sincan escort sıhhıye escort tandoğan escort tunalı escort ulus escort yenimahalle escort ankara escort escort ankara ankara escort bayan ankara eskort ankara bayan escort ankara escort ankara rus escort balgat escort çankaya escort çukurambar escort demetevler escort eryaman escort etlik escort keçiören escort kızılay escort sincan escort escort istanbul istanbul escort tuzla eskort istanbul escort bayan aydınlı escort tuzla escort içmeler escort orhanlı escort istanbul escort escort bayan kartal escort kaynarca escort kurtköy escort maltepe escort pendik escort akbaba escort alemdağ escort alibahadır escort alibeyköy escort altunizade escort anadolu yakası escort atakent escort ataköy escort atalar escort ataşehir escort avcılar escort avrupa yakası escort ayazağa escort aydınevler escort aydınlı escort aydıntepe escort bağcılar escort bahçelievler escort bakırköy escort beşiktaş escort beykoz escort beylikdüzü escort beyoğlu escort bostancı escort bulgurlu escort büyükçekmece escort çamlıca escort çapa escort çekmeköy escort dereseki escort dumankaya escort elmalı escort eve gelen escort fatih escort fikirtepe escort göksu escort göllü escort görele escort göztepe escort gümüşsuyu escort güneşli escort halkalı escort incirköy escort ishaklı escort istanbul escort kadıköy escort kanlıca escort kartal escort kayışdağı escort kaynarca escort kılıçlı escort kozyatağı escort kurtköy escort madenler escort mahmutşevketpaşa escort maltepe escort ömerli escort orhanlı escort örnekköy escort ortaçeşme escort otele gelen escort öyümce escort parseller escort paşabahçe escort paşamandıra escort pendik escort polonez escort poyraz escort riva escort rüzgarlıbahçe escort sancaktepe escort şile escort şişli escort soğanlık escort soğuksu escort sultanbeyli escort taksim escort taşdelen escort tepeüstü escort tokatköy escort topselvi escort tuzla escort ümraniye escort ünalan escort üsküdar escort uydukent escort viaport escort yalıköy escort yavuz selim escort yenimahalle escort yenidoğan escort yenişehir escort istanbul escort tuzla escort tuzla escort bayan escort tuzla aydınlı escort istanbul escort kartal escort kaynarca escort kurtköy escort maltepe escort orhanlı escort pendik escort tuzla escort escort tuzla tuzla escort bayan tuzla escort pendik escort pendik escort bayan escort pendik kurtköy escort kurtköy escort bayan escort kurtköy kurtkoy escort kartal escort kartal escort bayan escort kartal maltepe escort maltepe escort bayan escort maltepe ataşehir escort escort bayan göztepe escort kadıköy escort kartal escort kartal escort bayan kaynarca escort kaynarca escort bayan kurtköy escort kurtköy escort bayan kurtköy sınırsız escort maltepe escort maltepe escort bayan pendik escort pendik sınırsız escort tuzla escort pendik escort bayan pendik eskort pendik escort pendik escort bayan escort pendik kurtköy escort kurtköy escort bayan escort kurtköy kartal escort kartal escort bayan escort kartal maltepe escort maltepe escort bayan escort maltepe istanbul escort escort istanbul istanbul escort bayan escort bayan istanbul eskort adalar escort ataşehir escort beykoz escort çekmeköy escort anadolu yakası escort kadıköy escort kartal escort maltepe escort pendik escort sancaktepe escort şile escort sultanbeyli escort tuzla escort ümraniye escort üsküdar escort maltepe escort maltepe escort bayan escort maltepe maltepe eskort kurtköy escort kurtköy escort bayan escort kurtköy kurtköy eskort tuzla escort tuzla escort bayan escort tuzla tuzla eskort kartal escort kartal escort bayan escort kartal kartal eskort pendik escort pendik escort bayan pendik eskort escort pendik kartal escort kartal escort bayan escort kartal kartal eskort atalar escort çarşı escort çavuşoğlu escort cevizli escort cumhuriyet escort esentepe escort gümüşpınar escort hürriyet escort istanbul escort bayan istanbul escort escort istanbul istanbul eskort escort bayan altunizade escort anadolu yakası escort ataköy escort ataşehir escort avcılar escort avrupa yakası escort aydınlı escort bahçelievler escort bakırköy escort beşiktaş escort beylikdüzü escort beyoğlu escort bostancı escort pendik escort pendik escort bayan escort pendik pendik eskort ataşehir escort göztepe escort kadıköy escort kartal escort kartal escort bayan kartal escort kaynarca escort kaynarca escort kaynarca escort bayan kurtköy escort kurtköy escort kurtköy escort bayan maltepe escort maltepe escort maltepe escort bayan pendik escort pendik escort pendik escort bayan pendik eskort tuzla escort tuzla escort bayan kibris escort bodrum escort alanya escort yozgat escort mugla escort konya escort kocaeli escort kilis escort kirsehir escort kirikkale escort kayseri escort kastamonu escort kars escort karaman escort karabuk escort maras escort isparta escort igdir escort hatay escort gumushane escort giresun escort antep escort eskisehir escort erzurum escort erzincan escort elazig escort edirne escort duzce escort corum escort cankiri escort canakkale escort bursa escort burdur escort bolu escort bingol escort bilecik escort bayburt escort batman escort bitlis escort bartin escort balikesir escort aydin escort artvin escort ardahan escort amasya escort adiyaman escort agri escort afyon escort adiyaman escort adana escort kutahya escort yalova escort van escort malatya escort manisa escort zonguldak escort usak escort mardin escort tunceli escort mersin escort trabzon escort tokat escort tekirdag escort urfa escort sanliurfa escort sivas escort sinop escort siirt escort sakarya escort rize escort osmaniye escort ordu escort nigde escort nevsehir escort mus escort batman escort bitlis escort burdur escort adana escort kibris escort duzce escort cesme escort erzurum escort agri escort afyon escort kutahya escort balikesir escort mugla escort elazig escort igdir escort cankiri escort kahramanmaras escort osmaniye escort karabuk escort adiyaman escort ardahan escort bayburt escort mardin escort tokat escort izmit escort zonguldak escort karabuk escort bartin escort kars escort sinop escort bingol escort siirt escort nigde escort tunceli escort aksaray escort yozgat escort kastamonu escort yalova escort van escort aydin escort mus escort amasya escort sivas escort nevsehir escort giresun escort manisa escort usak escort tekirdag escort edirne escort rize escort erzincan escort ordu escort aydin escort burgaz escort corum escort corlu escort hatay escort malatya escort canakkale escort urfa escort urfa escort trabzon escort urfa escort tokat escort sakarya escort hatay escort bayan denizli escort kusadasi escort artvin escort bursa escort samsun escort sivas escort eskisehir escort kayseri escort gaziantep escort canakkale escort diyarbakir escort konya escort isparta escort trabzon escort alanya escort bolu escort sinop escort aksaray escort aydin escort bodrum escort kirikkale escort karaman escort edirne escort sinop escort corlu escort alanya escort afyon escort onikisubat escort vize escort luleburgaz escort kirklareli escort babaeski escort gulagac escort ortakoy escort ortakoy escort eskil escort keskin escort delice escort bahsili escort tekirdag escort luleburgaz escort luleburgaz escort kirklareli escort kirklareli escort kesan escort corlu escort cerkezkoy escort babaeski escort babaeski escort kusadasi escort yesilova escort gölhisar escort bulanik escort bucak escort yüregir escort cukurova escort ceyhan escort aladag escort eleskirt escort diyadin escort patnos escort dogubeyazit escort milas escort marmaris escort fethiye escort bodrum escort mugla escort susurluk escort karasi escort gonen escort erdemli escort burhaniye escort bandirma escort ayvalik escort altieylul escort balikesir escort elbistan escort dulkadiruglu escort maras escort tuzlaca escort aralik escort tuzlaca escort ilgaz escort cerkes escort kadirli escort kadirli escort duzici escort yenice escort safranbolu escort ilgaz escort cerkes escort kahta escort kahta escort besni escort besni escort golbasi escort sinanpaşa escort sandikli escort emirdag escort dinar escort bolvadin escort bolvadin escort gole escort gole escort ardahan escort cildir escort artvin escort sariveliler escort kazimkarabekir escort basyayla escort baskale escort ermenek escort ermenek escort midyat escort dargeçit escort artuklu escort artuklu escort kiziltepe escort kiziltepe escort demirozu escort aydintepe escort turhal escort pazar escort artova escort almus escort erbaa escort erbaa escort gebze escort gebze escort basiskale escort cayirova escort darica escort derince escort dilovasi escort izmit escort kartepe escort korfez escort golcuk escort kocaeli escort tavsanli escort gediz escort simav escort gumbet escort turgutreis escort girne escort lefkosa escort gazimagusa escort caycuma escort caycuma escort eregli escort eregli escort toroslar escort tarsus escort silifke escort menzitli escort erdemli escort anamur escort akdeniz escort yesilyurt escort battalgazi escort eskipazar escort safranbolu escort safranbolu escort kurucasile escort ulus escort bartin escort amasra escort adakli escort karliova escort solhan escort yenisehir escort kigi escort akyaka escort arpacay escort sarkisla escort kagizman escort kurtalan escort kurtalan escort pervani escort cilimci escort cumayeri escort golkaya escort akcakoca escort akcakoca escort bor escort center escort ciftlik escort sorgun escort sorgun escort yerköy escort sarikaya escort tosya escort cukurova escort taskopru escort taskopru escort cinarcik escort ciftlikkoy escort ciftlikkoy escort bahçesaray escort başkale escort çaldiran escort ipekyolu escort tusba escort ercis escort ercis escort yildizeli escort sarkisla escort malazgirt escort bulanik escort merzifon escort merzifon escort suluova escort nevsehir escort göynücek escort ürgüp escort ürgüp escort kelkit escort tirebolu escort espiye escort bulancak escort bulancak escort turgutlu escort soma escort salihli escort sehzadeler escort akhisar escort akhisar escort alasehir escort yunusemre escort yunusemre escort bulancak escort banaz escort banaz escort esme escort esme escort cerkezkoy escort cerkezkoy escort altinordu escort sivasli escort suleymanpasa escort suleymanpasa escort corlu escort corlu escort kapakli escort ergene escort kovancilar escort karakocan escort uzunkopru escort uzunkopru escort kesan escort kesan escort ipsala escort ipsala escort ardesen escort pazar escort tercan escort refahiye escort uzumlu escort cayeli escort cayeli escort tercan escort altinordu escort unye escort unye escort fatsa escort fatsa escort kusadasi escort incirliova escort germencik escort didim escort cine escort soke escort soke escort nazilli escort nazilli escort efeler escort efeler escort kirklareli escort kirklareli escort vize escort yahsihan escort osmancik escort sungurlu escort sungurlu escort kapakli escort cerkezkoy escort arsuz escort altinözü escort reyhanli escort kirikhan escort babaeski escort iskenderun escort samandag escort iskenderun escort dortyol escort defne escort defne escort kozluk escort samandag escort sason escort guroymak escort tatvan escort aziziye escort aziziye escort yakutiye escort yakutiye escort palandoken escort viransehir escort palandoken escort horasan escort siverek escort siverek escort haliliye escort eyyubiye escort yildirim escort nilufer escort osmangazi escort inegol escort lapseki escort gokceada escort gelibolu escort talas escort melikgazi escort eceabat escort çan escort biga escort bozcaada escort tepebasi escort odunpazari escort kocasinan escort talas escort melikgazi escort develi escort kocasinan escort pamukkale escort yahsihan escort merkezefendi escort sahinbey escort civril escort sehitkamil escort meram escort selcuklu escort nizip escort yalvac escort yalvac escort egirdir escort egirdir escort ilkadim escort iskenderun escort bafra escort antakya escort atakum escort yenisehir escort kayapinar escort baglar escort hendek escort serdivan escort adapazari escort sarkisla escort sarkisla escort saricam escort of escort arakli escort ortahisar escort ortahisar escort ortahisar escort akcaabat escort akcaabat escort akcaabat escort side escort yalova escort mudurnu escort goynuk escort gerede escort zonguldak escort van escort usak escort tunceli escort tokat escort tekirdag escort sivas escort sanliurfa escort rize escort osmaniye escort ordu escort nevsehir escort mugla escort manisa escort kutahya escort konya escort kirsehir escort kirikkale escort kibris escort kars escort kastamonu escort karaman escort karabuk escort kahramanmaras escort giresun escort erzurum escort edirne escort erzincan escort diyarbakir escort denizli escort corum escort cankiri escort canakkale escort burdur escort bayburt escort bolu escort balikesir escort aksaray escort ardahan escort artvin escort aydin escort kartal escort pendik escort pendik escort pendik escort kurtkoy escort pendik escort kartal escort pendik escort tuzla escort erotik hikaye pendik escort sex hikaye pendik escort pendik escort kartal escort kurtkoy escort kartal escort sex hikaye pendik escort kurtkoy escort pendik eskort kartal eskort tuzla escort pendik escort kartal escort kurtkoy escort tuzla escort anadolu yakası escort kaynarca escort gebze escort istanbul escort maltepe escort umraniye escort atalar escort cevizli escort atasehir escort kadıkoy escort tuzla escort kartal escort kurtkoy escort tuzla escort kadıköy escort kurtköy escort bostancı escort goztepe escort pendik escort kartal escort kurtkoy escort tuzla escort kaynarca escort gebze escort maltepe escort atalar escort cevizli escort yakacık escort escort bayan titan jel gold yapay kızlık zarı cialis yorumları penis pompası viga 50000 delay 48000 geciktirici hap penis büyütücü hap titan gel viagel silver golden lovita ağrı kesici krem novagra kafur spanish fly orviax lady era estrogenolit penixl penis pompası lifta 5 mg yorumlar cialis 100 mg fiyatı lifta 5 mg 28 tablet fiyat viagra 100 mg kafur kremi geciktirici hap kullananlar romatizma belirtileri titan jel dapoksetin eczane fiyatı lifta 20 mg dapoksetin eczane fiyatı stag lifta 5 mg lifta 20 mg priligy dapoksetin geciktirici hap eczane sertleştirici haplar cialis penis büyütücü krem novagra en iyi kaldırıcı hap geciktirici sprey cialis kullanıcı yorumları viagra sertleştirici hap priligy yan etkileri viagra fiyatı en ucuz lifta priligy kullanıcı yorumları geciktirici haplar bayan azdırıcılar golden lovita damla vejin jel nedir orviax fiyat aksöğüt kremi kullanıcı yorumları afrodizyak parfüm estrogenolit vigrande 100 mg lifta 20 mg priligy 30 mg cialis 5 mg 28 tablet priligy 60 mg sertleştirici haplar cialis kullananlar lifta 20 mg fiyat lifta fiyatı lifta 5 miligram cialis yorumlar cialis 20 mg kullananlar penis büyütücüler yapay kızlık zarı yorumları saç dökülmesi instagram takipci hilesi instagram takipci hilesi instagram followers free instagram followers instagram takipci hilesi instagram followers instagram takipci hilesi instagram takipci hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipci satın al smm panel ankara escort escort bingöl escort bilecik escort bayburt escort batman escort burdur escort bartın escort bolu escort adana escort ağrı escort afyon escort amasya escort ankara escort antalya escort artvin escort aydın escort balıkesir escort bilecik escort bitlis escort bolu escort bingöl escort burdur escort bursa escort çanakkale escort çankırı escort çorum escort denizli escort diyarbakır escort edirne escort elazığ escort erzincan escort erzurum escort gaziantep escort giresun escort gümüşhane escort eskişehir escort hatay escort ısparta escort mersin escort istanbul escort izmir escort kars escort kastamonu escort kayseri escort kırklareli escort kırşehir escort kocaeli escort konya escort kütahya escort malatya escort manisa escort kahramanmaraş escort mardin escort muğla escort muş escort nevşehir escort niğde escort ordu escort rize escort sakarya escort samsun escort siirt escort sinop escort sivas escort tekirdağ escort tokat escort trabzon escort şanlıurfa escort uşak escort van escort yozgat escort zonguldak escort aksaray escort bayburt escort karaman escort kırıkkale escort batman escort bartın escort ardahan escort ığdır escort yalova escort karabük escort kilis escort osmaniye escort düzce escort çankaya escort keçiören escort adana escort adıyaman escort denizli escort konya escort altındağ escort yenimahalle escort sincan escort polatlı escort mamak escort etimesgut escort çubuk escort beypazarı escort kocaeli mutlu son masaj mersin mutlu son masaj samsun mutlu son masaj seyhan escort yüreğir escort seyhan escort yüreğir escort keçiören escort yenimahalle escort mamak escort etimesgut escort sincan escort altındağ escort kepez escort muratpaşa escort alanya escort manavgat escort konyaaltı escort efeler escort nazilli escort söke escort kuşadası escort didim escort efeler escort osmaniye escort nazilli escort söke escort kuşadası escort didim escort karesi escort altıeylül escort bandırma escort edremit escort orhangazi escort yıldırım escort nilüfer escort inegöl escort pamukkale escort merkezefendi escort pamukkale escort merkezefendi escort bağlar escort kayapınar escort yenişehir escort palandöken escort odunpazarı escort tepebaşı escort şahinbey escort şehitkamil escort escort nizip escort antakya escort iskenderun escort defne escort tarsus escort toroslar escort yenişehir escort akdeniz escort mezitli escort fatih escort sancaktepe escort ataşehir escort eyüp escort beylikdüzü escort sarıyer escort sultanbeyli escort zeytinburnu escort güngören escort arnavutköy escort şişli escort bayrampaşa escort tuzla escort çekmeköy escort büyükçekmece escort üsküdar escort maltepe escort gaziosmanpaşa escort kadıköy escort kartal escort başakşehir escort esenler escort avcılar escort kağıthane escort bakırköy escort beykoz escort beyoğlu escort silivri escort beşiktaş escort çatalca escort esenyurt escort küçükçekmece escort bağcılar escort pendik escort ümraniye escort bahçelievler escort sultangazi escort buca escort karabağlar escort bornova escort konak escort karşıyaka escort bayraklı escort çiğli escort torbalı escort menemen escort gaziemir escort ödemiş escort kemalpaşa escort bergama escort menderes escort aliağa escort tire escort balçova escort çeşme escort melikgazi escort kocasinan escort talas escort gebze escort izmit escort darıca escort selçuklu escort meram escort karatay escort selçuklu escort meram escort karatay escort yeşilyurt escort battalgazi escort onikişubat escort dulkadiroğlu escort kızıltepe escort bodrum escort fethiye escort milas escort marmaris escort altınordu escort adapazarı escort serdivan escort ilkadım escort atakum escort çorlu escort süleymanpaşa escort çerkezköy escort ortahisar escort akçaabat escort haliliye escort eyyübiye escort siverek escort karaköprü escort viranşehir escort ipekyolu escort ereğli escort ayvalık escort gönen escort sigara marlboro shuffle duty free shop adıyaman escort aydın escort yunusemre escort akhisar escort şehzadeler escort free shop sigara eryaman escort parliament night blue Free Shop Sigara Fiyatları Free Shop Fiyatları sigara fiyatları 2021 free shop instagram mutlu son masaj mutlu son adana mutlu son bursa mutlu son amasya escort aksaray escort ağrı escort afyon escort adıyaman escort adana escort bilecik escort bayburt escort batman escort bartın escort balıkesir escort aydın escort artvin escort ardahan escort antalya escort gümüşhane escort giresun escort gaziantep escort şanlıurfa escort samsun escort eskişehir escort erzurum escort erzincan escort sakarya escort diyarbakır escort denizli escort van escort balıkesir escort bursa escort hatay escort ığdır escort kahramanmaraş escort izmir escort kayseri escort kütahya escort mersin escort osmaniye escort ısparta escort istanbul escort karabük escort karaman escort kars escort kastamonu escort kilis escort kırıkkale escort kırklareli escort kırşehir escort kocaeli escort konya escort malatya escort manisa escort mardin escort muğla escort muş escort nevşehir escort niğde escort ordu escort rize escort siirt escort silopi escort sinop escort sivas escort tekirdağ escort tokat escort trabzon escort tunceli escort uşak escort yalova escort yozgat escort bingöl escort bitlis escort bolu escort burdur escort çanakkale escort çankırı escort çorum escort düzce escort edirne escort elazığ escort zonguldak escort karataş escort seyhan escort yüreğir escort çukurova escort sarıçam escort kozan escort ceyhan escort bitlis escort imamoğlu escort aydın escort artvin escort ardahan escort antalya escort ankara escort amasya escort aksaray escort ağrı escort afyonkarahisar escort adıyaman escort adana escort istanbul escort ısparta escort ığdır escort hatay escort gümüşhane escort giresun escort gaziantep escort eskişehir escort erzurum escort elazığ escort edirne escort düzce escort diyarbakır escort denizli escort çorum escort çankırı escort çanakkale escort bursa escort muğla escort mersin escort mardin escort manisa escort malatya escort kütahya escort konya escort kocaeli escort kırşehir escort kırklareli escort kırıkkale escort kilis escort kayseri escort kastamonu escort kars escort karaman escort karabük escort kahramanmaraş escort izmir escort zonguldak escort yalova escort van escort uşak escort trabzon escort tokat escort tekirdağ escort sivas escort sinop escort siirt escort şanlıurfa escort samsun escort sakarya escort rize escort osmaniye escort ordu escort niğde escort nevşehir escort muş escort yozgat escort marlboro double fusion free shop free shop sigara marlboro double fusion
c99 shell hacklink hacklink al istanbul evden eve nakliyat hacklink Google