Ain-qanoon.com is committed to provide legal aid and services to the victims or any person who has suffered any loss or injury due to unlawful actions.
We would like to provide legal aid in various forms including –
- Financial Aid;
- Victims support Fund (VSF);
- PIL and Advocacy;
- Monitoring, compliance, lobbying and ADR;
- Legal advice, law chamber and consultancy;
- Legal counseling;
- Training and workshops etc,;
- Drafting and conveyance
For free legal aid and services please apply through prescribed form or go drafting and conveyance page;
Ain-qanoon.com is entrusted with lots of services mostly free except publications and some research works which is designed to generate money to continue our activities and services for which one can donate us through our payment system.
At present we are providing following services in addition to legal aid:
- Scholarships/ fellowships;
- Legal training;
- Forms and formats with links;
- E-Journal and e-books publications;
- Directory or souvenir;
- Law dictionary or common legal errors;
- Chart, data and survey reports;
- Law opinion or views and legal compliance;
- Legal jobs and recruitments;
- Case studies and case law/ law reports;
- Event management and law campaign;
- Online law teaching;
- Bar Council Coaching/ BJS Coaching;
- Lectures of law Guru, ahamuduz zaman;
- Course outline or lecture plan and question bank on law;
- Law admission;
- Laws of Bangladesh;
- International law and international organization;
- Rates or fees ;
- Election monitoring, documentation, human rights activities, drafting and conveyance;
- E-commerce, fund collection, funding etc,;
Please receive our services and let us support towards a peaceful life with happiness and enjoyment.
Legal Aid Laws of Bangladesh
In Bangladesh, the Legal Aid and Services Act, 2000 provides some guideline to assist a victim person financially if he is unable to go through the Court procedures for his financial crisis. The Code of Civil Procedure also provides some guidelines to help a pauper to go through the legal formalities to get justice.
When a person cannot defend himself, it is the duty of the State to provide him legal assistance either by providing money for the suit/ cases or by appointing lawyer on behalf of the person. The constitution also states this matter in articles 33, 31, 32 and 35.
Legal aid and access to justice
Right to the protection of law is a fundamental right. When any person will be arrested, he must be given a chance to defend himself and also to consult with his lawyer. If any person fails to appoint a lawyer on behalf of himself, the state or the concerned Court shall appoint a lawyer on behalf of that person especially in criminal cases. A legal aid can be given not only in the form of monetary help but also in other forms like appointing a lawyer, giving idea on legal suits, counseling the parties, assist in ADR etc.
The word access to justice means that all the citizens of the country can take the resorts of the help of the judiciary to ensure their rights, if violated. “Access to justice” is a fundamental rights and one can file a writ to the High Court Division to ensure this right. However, it is to be ensured primarily by the police, subordinate courts and the Advocates to the state like Public Prosecutors, Government Pleaders etc. If any person is killed extra judicially, it means a violation of the right to access to justice that ultimately hampers the rule of law.
Costs and compensations- a form of legal aid
The Subordinate Civil Courts in any civil suit can impose costs to any parties, if they try to delay the proceedings in an unfair means which is mentioned in section 35, 35A and 35B of the CPC. The object in awarding costs to a litigant is to secure to him the expenses incurred by him in the litigation. Section-95 of CPC provides that on the application of the defendant the Court may award compensation for obtaining arrest, attachment or injunction on insufficient grounds which shall not exceed ten thousand taka. Order-XXV of CPC deals with security for costs.
Section-10 (2) of Artha Rin Adalat Ain also deals with costs. It is also discussed in many other civil laws. However, section-250 of the Cr P C also provides a provision for awarding compensation in vexatious or false suits. Any Civil Court can provide costs and compensation under section-151 of the CPC as an equitable remedy to ensure justice.
Legal Aid and Services Act, 2000 is the main law that provides legal aid to the various persons in Bangladesh. The definition of legal aid is given in the Act that states that it means to give legal assistance to the underprivileged or pauper or other persons deprived for socio-economic reasons to the access to justice. The assistance will be given in the form of money to the lawyer at any Court or to file a suit or relevant expenditures for already filed suits or to give remuneration or honorarium to the arbitrator or mediator etc. The Act also states that there will be an association to be known as “National Legal Aid Association” to fulfill the goal under this Act. The association will work under the chairmanship of the Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs and also with a number of persons as members of the Association including a Director who will be the member-secretary of the Association. There will be a District Committee headed by the District and sessions judge. Primarily, they will consider the application for legal aid and may grant or reject the application. They will work under the supervision of the Association. Even the Government may appoint Upazilla or Union Legal Aid Committee. As per the existing law, there is a fee structure for the appointed lawyers who will work for the persons under this Act. However, no court fees is necessary for collecting relevant papers from the Court under this Act.
Pauper suit under the CPC
There is a provision of legal aid under the CPC in Order XXXIII for the paupers or indigent which is existed for more than hundred years. A person is a “pauper” when he is not possessed of sufficient means to enable him to pay the fee prescribed by law for the plaint in such suit, or, where no such fee is prescribed, when he is not entitled to property worth Five thousand (substituting one hundred taka by amending Rule-1 order XXXIII on 22nd February 2006) Taka other than his necessary wearing- apparel and the subject-matter of the suit. Order-XLIV of CPC deals with appeals by indigent persons.
Legal aid and the NGO’s in Bangladesh
Many NGO’s are providing legal aid in Bangladesh like BLAST (Bangladesh legal Aid and Services Trust), Mdaripur Legal Aid Association, Ain-O-Shalish-Kendro, BNWLA, BELA etc. this NGO’s have their own model for providing legal aid and also has a list of panel lawyers. They are receiving financial aid from many international donor agencies showing their projects on legal aid. How much to this aids are properly utilized is a question? But still we should appreciate them for their initiatives. It is a matter of great regret that on family affairs or disputes relating to family affairs many NGO’s are instigating women’s for filing false suits in the name of dowry or torture etc. This is a black history of our existing legal aid systems especially providing by various NGO’s.
Legal aid is a fundamental rights as part of the access to justice or right to protection of law or of quick disposal of cases, mentioned in articles 27, 31, 32, 33 and 35 of the constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.
National Legal Aid Services Organization of Bangladesh
- Legal Aid and services Act, 2000 ( http://nlaso.gov.bd/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/LegalAID-Services-ACT-2000.pdf)
- Providing Legal Aid Rules, 2014 (http://nlaso.gov.bd/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/policy-rules-2014.pdf)
- Regulations to provide legal aid in Bangladesh (http://nlaso.gov.bd/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/regulation-rules-2011.pdf) (Formation of Upazilla and Union Committee)
- http://nlaso.gov.bd/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/regulation-rules-2011-1.pdf (Regulations 2001)
Different forms for legal Aid in Bangladesh (Download from following links)
Application form.click here
- Monthly Reporting Format.click here
- Legal Aid Application Receive Form (Bangla).click here
- Application Acknowledgment Form.click here
- Panel Lawyer Appointment Letter.click here
- Client Case Card Final.click here
- DLAC Panel Lawyer Activity Report Form.click here
- DLAC Legal Aid Register (Bangla) Form.click here
- DLAC Bill Form.click here
- Case Status Report Form.click here
- Appeal Notice.Click Here
- Application Rejection Form.Click Here
- Payment Register Form.Click Here
- Cash Book.Click Here
- Official Expenditure Register.Click Here
- Monthly Financial Report.Click Here
- Lawyer’s Fee Payment Register.Click Here
- Monthly Case Closed Report.Click Here
- Case Report.Click Here
- Bangladesh National Web Portal
- Law and Justice Division
- Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs Division
- Bangladesh Bar Council
- Bangladesh Supreme Court
- Bangladesh Judicial Service Commission
- Law Commission
- Judicial Administration & Training Institute
- Attorney General’s Office
- National Human Rights Commission
- Promoting Access to Justice and Human Rights in Bangladesh project
Our Service (NLASO), Bangladesh Govt.
- Legal Advice
- Legal Representation
- Legal Support
- Alternative Dispute Resolution
Eligibility for Free Service
- Any person who is financially insolvent (annual average income is below Tk. 1,50,000/-) in the matter of Supreme Court cases;
- Any person who is financially insolvent (annual average income is below Tk. 1,50,000/-) in the matter of District or Chowki court cases;
- A person who is disabled, partially disabled or unemployed
- Any freedom fighter who is unable to earn Tk. 1,50,000 annually;
- Any worker whose annual income is below Tk. 1,00,000.
- Any children;
- Persons victims of trafficking
- Women and children victim of physical, mental and sexual oppression
- Person having no shelter or vagabond
- Person belonging to minor races, ethnic sects and communities
- Person victim of domestic violence
- Any individual receiving old age allowance
- Any distressed mothers holding VGD card
- Women and children victims of acid throwing by the miscreants
- Allottee of a house or land in a model village
- An insolvent widow, a woman abandoned by husband and a distressed woman
- A person considered by the court as financial helpless as insolvent
- A person recommended or considered by the Jail Authority as financially helpless and insolvent
Where to Get Free Service
Government legal aid service can be availed from the following offices:
- Office of District Legal Aid Committee.
- Office of Upazilla Legal Aid Committee.
- Office of Union Legal Aid Committee.
Organogram of NLASO Bangladesh
Please go to: http://nlaso.gov.bd/?page_id=156
You can go through the following link to know about Legal Aid Offices of Bangladesh: nlaso-bangladesh-offices.pdf
(Compiled by: Ahamuduz Zaman, Founder:ain-qanoon.com)